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November of 2017 saw the release of the revised ANSI Z133 arboriculture safety standards at the TCIA trade show in Columbus, Ohio. Last updated in 2012, the new ANSI Z133-2017 standards instituted changes and additions such as a hand saw requirement when working aloft, mandatory outrigger pads and a minimum of two wheel chocks when using aerial devices, and an advisory recommendation to use a sling during winching operations, rather than wrapping the winch line around the load.
One of the most significant changes, however, was in the Electrical Hazards section. It identifies three types of tree worker qualifications: 1) non-qualified, 2) Incidental Line Clearance Arborist, and 3) Utility Line Clearance Arborist. With the addition of the Incidental Line Clearance Arborist qualification, many arborists have found themselves unsure about their qualification category. Some non-qualified workers are using the new incidental minimum approach (MAD) chart as an excuse to get closer to electrical conductors than they are allowed, and qualified line clearance arborists don’t know which MAD chart to use. Hopefully, this article will help to make the incidental qualification clearer.
Before the 2017 revision, arborists were either qualified or non-qualified to work around energized conductors. Qualified arborists followed the minimum approach distances (MAD) in Table 1 of the Z133-2012 standard. Non-qualified arborists would use Table 2. Fundamentally, this is still the same — arborists are either qualified or non-qualified based on their training and experience.
However, arborists that are qualified through training and experience will fall into either Incidental Line Clearance or Utility Line Clearance. These might sound similar, but there is a significant difference. To determine the right category, Incidental Line Clearance first needs to be defined:
Tree work performed where an electrical hazard exists to the arborist, but the arborist is not working for the purpose of clearing space around the conductor on behalf of the utility that controls or operates the wires/lines.
Arborists that fall into the Incidental Line Clearance category do not have a relationship with a utility, nor are they contracted with one. However, they have met the training requirements of OSHA 1910.269 and are considered qualified by their employer to work around electrical hazards. An example might be a municipal arborist who maintains street trees that are growing within 10 feet of an electrical conductor or a residential arborist who plans to work on a client’s tree which has a service drop running through the canopy. This contrasts with Utility Line Clearance Arborists, who have permission from utilities to work around their conductors and have received safety and operations protocols training from that utility.
Additionally, although they are qualified, Incidental Line Clearance Arborists typically don’t work within 10 feet of energized conductors on a daily basis. Therefore the MAD is greater than that of a Utility Line Clearance Arborist who is exposed to the hazard regularly.
With the addition of Incidental Line Clearance, arborists should note that the MAD charts have been reorganized since the 2012 revision:
Despite Incidental Line Clearance Arborists working separately from utilities, section 4.2.4 of the Z133-2017 specifies a minimum amount of training and experience required for qualification. Incidental Line Clearance Arborists must be able to distinguish exposed live parts of electric equipment, what the voltage of the exposed live part is, and what the minimum approach distance to the exposed live part would be.
The new revision also adds that “Arborists’ training and degree of training in electrical hazards shall be determined by the risk to the employee for the hazard(s) involved” (4.1.3). This section makes employers responsible for ensuring employees receive the appropriate training in electrical hazards based on the work they perform. However, this is only part of the puzzle. Whether you fall under the Incidental Category of the Utility Category, Qualified Line Clearance Arborists must have:
For more information on Line Clearance arboriculture and to find out if you are qualified, read 29 CFR 1910.269 as well as the new ANSI Z133-2017. If you are interested in Line Clearance training, please visit the new ACRT Arborist Training website at training.acrt.com.
Kevin Myers, CTSP, ISA-certified arborist, and ISA-certified Utility Specialist, is an arborist training instructor with ACRT Arborist Training, and a recipient of the 2016 UAA Silver Shield Award.
ACRT is the largest independent utility consulting company in the U.S. and empowers utilities to proactively manage vegetation across their entire rights-of-way. We consistently stay on top of and share relevant industry content with our employees and customers around the country.